Windows Administrator L1 Interview Question 2

Windows Administrator L1 Interview Question 2
Windows Administrator L1 Interview Question
21. How do I configure a client machine to use a specific IP Address?
By reserving an IP Address using client machine MAC or Physical address.
22. Name 3 benefits of using AD-integrated zones.
•AD Integrated Zones allow Secure Dynamic Updates. I.e. there will not be any duplicate or unwanted records. Since all the information are validated in active directory.
•By creating AD- integrated zone you can also trace hacker and spammer by creating reverse zone.
•AD integrated zones are stored as part of the active directory and support domain-wide or forest-wide replication through application partitions in AD.
23. How do you backup & Restore AD?
Using Windows NTBackup Utility. In Backup select systemstate will include active directory backup. Restore the Same using NTBackup Utility.
24. How do you change the DS Restore admin password?
Using NTDSUTIL tool.
25. How can you forcibly remove AD from a server?
Using the command dcpromo /forceremoval
26. What will be the problem if DNS Server fails?
If your DNS server fails, No Client will able to reach the Domain Controller, which will create authentication and Control Issues.
27. How can you restrict running certain applications on a machine?
The Group Policy Object Editor and the Software Restriction Policies extension of Group Policy Object Editor are used to restrict running certain applications on a machine. For Windows XP computers that are not participating in a domain, you can use the Local Security Settings snap-in to access Software Restriction Policies.
28. What can you do to promote a server to DC?
Using the command dcpromo
29. How will map a folder through AD?
Specify the network share path (UNC) in the active directory users home directory.
30. Explain Quotas.
Disk Quota is a feature or service of NTFS which helps to restrict or manage the disk usage from the normal user. It can be implemented per user user per volume basis.By default it is disabled. Administrative privilege is required to perform the task. In 2003server we can control only drive but in 2008server we can establish quota in folder level.
31. Explain Backup Methodology.
The different types of backup methodologies are:
Normal Backup:-This is default backup in which all files are backed up even if it was backed up before.
Incremental Backup:-In this type of backup only the files that haven’t been backed up are taken care of or backed up.
Differential Backup:-This backup is similar to incremental backup because it does not take backup of those files backed up by normal backup but different from incremental because it will take backup of differentially backed up files at next time of differential backup.
System Backup:-This type of backup takes backup of files namely, Boot file, COM+Class Registry, Registry. But in server it takes backup of ADS.
ASR Backup:-This type of backup takes backup of entire boot partition including OS and user data. This should be the last troubleshooting method to recover an os from disaster.
32. Explain how to publish printer through AD.
Navigate to Active Directory Users and Computers, Create new printer and add the printer i.e. the printer share name (UNC) Path. Automatically the printer will be published in Active Directory.
33. Explain the functionality of FTP Server?
File Transfer Protocol is used transfer large volume of files and huge number of files simultaneous between different geographic locations.
34. Specify the Port Number for AD, DNS, DHCP, HTTP, HTTPS, SMTP, POP3 & FTP
•AD – 389
•DNS – 53
•DHCP – 67,68
•HTTP – 80
•HTTPS – 443
•SMTP – 25
•POP3 – 110
•FTP – 21,22
35. Explain Virtual Directory in IIS?
A virtual server can have one home directory and any number of other publishing directories. These other publishing directories are referred to as virtual directories.
36. What is Exclusion Range in DHCP Server?
Exclusion Range is used to hold a range IP addresses. Those IP Address can be used or may not be used in the network, but DHCP server does not assign those IP to its client.
37. Explain SOA Record.
Start Of Authority (SOA) Records indicate that Name Server is authoritative server for the domain.
38. What command is used to clear DNS cache in client PC?
Ipconfig /flushdns
39. Explain Secure Dynamic Updates in DNS Server.
Only when installing active directory and DNS in the same server (AD Integrated Zones) we can select Secure Dynamic Updates. Then all the records will automatically be updated in DNS. Since all the information is validated in active directory there will not be any duplicate or unwanted records.
40. Explain FRS in detail.
File Replication Service is a Microsoft service which replicates folders stored in sysvol shared folders on domain controllers and distributed file system shared folders. This service is a part of Microsoft’s active directory service.
41. Explain the protocol involved in ADC replication.
Remote Procedure Call (RPC) is the protocol used in ADC replication.
42. Explain the difference between Patches and Service pack.
Patches are fixes, updates or enhancements for a particular program whereas service packs include a collection of.
43. What is WSUS?
WSUS is Windows Software Update Services. It is server provided by Microsoft free of cost to manage patches for windows environment centralized.
44. How client server communication takes place in WSUS server?
Using Web Server or Web Services